When the war ended, Henry brought home an adopted son named Francisco and taught Holliday to shoot. Three months after his wife's death, his father married Rachel Martin.
Another relative of note is Alexander Q. Holliday attended the Valdosta Institute,  where he received a classical education in rhetoric, grammar, mathematics, history, and languages—principally Latinbut some French and Ancient Greek.
LouisMissouriso he could work as an assistant for a classmate, A. He lived with his uncle and his family so he could begin to build up his dental practice. Ford advertised in the Atlanta papers that Holliday would substitute for him while he was attending dental meetings. Fight in Georgia[ edit ] Holliday was reported to have been involved in a shooting on the Withlacoochee RiverGeorgiain At age 22, Holliday went with some friends to their favorite swimming hole, but discovered it was occupied by a group of black youths.
Holliday and his companions told them to leave, but they refused. Accounts of this event vary.
Holliday left and returned carrying either a shotgun or a pistol and started shooting, either at or over the heads of the youths. Some of them may have shot back.
There are no contemporaneous accounts of the incident. Some family members and friends allege that Holliday killed one to three of the youths, but other members of Holliday's family dispute those accounts. Ford's return in September, Holliday left for Dallas, Texasthe "last big city before the uncivilized Western Frontier. They received all three awards: His tuberculosis caused coughing spells at inopportune times, and his dental practice slowly declined.
Meanwhile, Holliday found he had some skill at gambling, and he soon relied on it as his principal income source. But after being found guilty of—and fined for—gaming in Dallas, he decided to leave the state.
Heads farther west[ edit ] Holliday headed toward Denverfollowing the stage routes and gambling at towns and army outposts along the way.
During the summer ofhe settled in Denver under the alias "Tom Mackey" and found work as a faro dealer for John A.
Babb's Theatre Comique at Blake Street. While there, he got in an argument with Bud Ryan, a well-known and tough gambler. Drawing knives, they fought, and Holliday left Ryan seriously wounded. In the fall ofMiller moved the Bella Union to Deadwood site of the gold rush in the Dakota Territoryand Holliday went with him.
When he left Kansas, he went to Breckenridge, Texaswhere he gambled.
On July 4,he had a disagreement with gambler Henry Kahn, and Holliday beat him repeatedly with his walking stick. Both men were arrested and fined, but Kahn was not finished. Later that same day, he shot and seriously wounded the unarmed Holliday.
His cousin, George Henry Holliday, moved west to take care of him during his recovery. Once healed, Holliday relocated to Fort GriffinTexas. Her nose was a prominent feature. Wyatt Earp was given a temporary commission as Deputy U. Earp went to the Bee Hive Saloon, the largest in town and owned by John Shansseywhom Earp had known since he was Shanssey suggested Earp ask gambler Doc Holliday, who had played cards with Rudabaugh. Photo of the interior of the Long Branch Saloon in Dodge City, Kansastaken between and After about a month in Fort Griffin, Earp returned to Fort Clark  and in earlyhe went to Dodge City, where he became the assistant city marshal, serving under Charlie Bassett.
Holliday sought to practice dentistry again, and ran an ad in the local paper: Holliday, Dentist, very respectfully offers his professional services to the citizens of Dodge City and surrounding county during the Summer. Office at Room No.
Twice yearly jab offers hope to thousands of women with osteoporosis Daily Mail Online
Where satisfaction is not given, money will be refunded. During the summer, the two cowboys—accompanied by another two dozen men—rode into Dodge and shot up the town while galloping down Front Street. They entered the Long Branch Saloon, vandalized the room, and harassed the customers. Hearing the commotion, Earp burst through the front door, and before he could react, a large number of cowboys were pointing their guns at him.
In another version, there were only three to five cowboys.
Texarkana Gazette Texarkana Breaking News
In both stories, Holliday was playing cards in the back of the room and upon seeing the commotion, drew his weapon and put his pistol at Morrison's head, forcing him and his men to disarm, rescuing Earp from a bad situation. In an Dodge newspaper advertisement, he promised money back for less than complete customer satisfaction, but this was the last known time that he worked as a dentist.
Miguel Oterowho would later become governor of New Mexico Territorysaid he was present when Holliday walked into the saloon with a cocked revolver in his hand and challenged White to settle an outstanding argument.
White was serving customers at the time and took cover behind a bar, then started shooting at Holliday with his revolver.
During the fight, Holliday shot White in the scalp. But there are no contemporaneous newspaper reports of the incident. Roberts found a record for a Private Robert Smith who had been shot and killed by an "unknown assailant", but Holliday was never linked to the death.
Doc opened a dental practice and continued gambling as well, but the winter was unseasonably cold and business was slow. The New Mexico Territorial Legislature passed a bill banning gambling within the territory with surprising ease. The ban on gambling combined with extreme low temperatures persuaded him to return to Dodge City for a few months. Accompanied by his common-law wife Mattie Blaylock, his brother Jim, and his wife Bessie, they left for Arizona Territory.
Both were striving to be the first to provide rail access to the boom town of Leadville, Colorado. Doc remained there for about two and a half months. The federal intervention prompted the so-called "Treaty of Boston" to end the fighting.
A new town was built up near the tracks and prostitution and gambling flourished there. Army scout Mike Gordon tried to persuade one of the saloon girls, a former girlfriend, to leave town with him. She refused and Gordon stormed outside. He began firing into the building,  and a few hours later, Gordon was found mortally wounded outside. Some attribute the shooting to Holliday, but no conclusive evidence of who killed Gordon was ever found.
While in town, he was fined twice for keeping a gambling device, and again for carrying a deadly weapon. Holliday and Horony joined Wyatt and his wife Mattie, as well as Jim Earp and his wife and step daughter, as they traveled the next day to PrescottArizona Territory. They arrived within a few weeks and went straight to the home of Constable Virgil Earp and his wife Allie.
Holliday and Horony checked into a hotel and when Wyatt, Virgil, and James Earp with their wives left for Tombstone, Holliday remained in Prescott, where he thought the gambling opportunities were better.
Some accounts report that the Earps sent for Holliday for assistance with dealing with the outlaw Cowboys. Holliday quickly became embroiled in the local politics and violence that led up to the Gunfight at the O.
Corral in October Accused in stagecoach robbery[ edit ] Holliday and Horony had many fights. After a particularly nasty, drunken argument, Holliday kicked her out. They plied Horony with more booze and suggested to her a way to get even with Holliday. Three cowboys had stopped the stage between Tombstone and Benson, Arizona and robbed it.
He had taken the reins and driver's seat in Contention City because the usual driver, a well-known and popular man named Eli "Budd" Philpot, was ill. Philpot was riding shotgun.
Paul fired his shotgun and emptied his revolver at the robbers, wounding a cowboy, later identified as Bill Leonard, in the groin. Philpot and passenger Peter Roerig, riding in the rear dickey seatwere both shot and killed. Tombstone saloon owner Milt Joyce disarmed Holliday one day when he got into an altercation with fellow gambler Johnny Tyler.
Later that day, Holliday heard that Joyce was spreading rumors that Holliday had taken part in the robbery. Drunk, Holliday returned to Joyce's saloon. He insulted Joyce and demanded his firearm back. Joyce refused and threw him out, but Holliday came back carrying a " revolver " and started firing. Joyce pulled out a pistol and Holliday shot the revolver out of Joyce's hand, putting a bullet through his palm.
Article expired The Japan Times
When Joyce's bartender, Parker, tried to grab his gun, Holliday wounded him in the toe. Joyce picked up his pistol and pistol-whipped Holliday, knocking him out.
With the cowboy plot revealed, Spicer freed Holliday. The district attorney threw out the charges, labeling them "ridiculous". Holliday gave Horony some money and put her on a stage out of town. Corral[ edit ] Main article: Gunfight at the O.
He received reports that cowboys with whom they had had repeated confrontations were armed in violation of the city ordinance that required them to deposit their weapons at a saloon or stable soon after arriving in town.
The cowboys had repeatedly threatened the Earps and Holliday. Fearing trouble, Virgil temporarily deputized Holliday and sought backup from his brothers Wyatt and Morgan. Virgil retrieved a short coach gun from the Wells Fargo office and the four men went to find the cowboys.
To avoid alarming citizens and lessen tension when disarming the cowboys, Virgil gave the coach gun to Holliday so he could conceal it under his long coat. Virgil Earp took Holliday's walking stick. Holliday was boarding at Fly's house and he possibly thought they were waiting there to kill him.
Cowboys witnesses testified that Holliday first pulled out a nickel-plated pistol he was known to carry, while others reported he first fired a longer, bronze-colored gun, possibly the coach gun. Holliday killed Tom McLaury with a shotgun blast in the side of his chest. Holliday was grazed by a bullet possibly fired by Frank McLaury who was on Fremont Street at the time.
He supposedly challenged Holliday, yelling, "I've got you now! You're a daisy if you have. Holliday may have also wounded Billy Clanton. Holliday may have been on McLaury's right and Morgan Earp on his left. McLaury was shot in the right side of the head, so Holliday is often given credit for shooting him. However, Wyatt Earp had shot McLaury in his torso earlier, a shot that alone could have killed him.
McLaury would have turned away after having been hit and Wyatt could have placed a second shot in his head. It is an opportunity for us to reflect on the language and ideas that represented each year. So, take a stroll down memory lane to remember all of our past Word of the Year selections. Change It wasn't trendyfunny, nor was it coined on Twitterbut we thought change told a real story about how our users defined Unlike inchange was no longer a campaign slogan.
But, the term still held a lot of weight. Here's an excerpt from our Word of the Year announcement in The national debate can arguably be summarized by the question: In the past two years, has there been enough change?
Has there been too much? Meanwhile, many Americans continue to face change in their homes, bank accounts and jobs. Only time will tell if the latest wave of change Americans voted for in the midterm elections will result in a negative or positive outcome. Tergiversate This rare word was chosen to represent because it described so much of the world around us. Tergiversate means "to change repeatedly one's attitude or opinions with respect to a cause, subject, etc.
And so, we named tergiversate the Word of the Year. Bluster In a year known for the Occupy movement and what became known as the Arab Spring, our lexicographers chose bluster as their Word of the Year for Here's an excerpt from our release that year that gives a pretty good explanation for our choice: